A pterygium is a benign raised growth of the conjunctiva (the thin membrane that overlies the white of the eye) that extends to cover the cornea
Cataract is the most common cause of curable blindness in North America and cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure.
Glaucoma is a chronic disease where progressive irreversible damage to the optic nerve results in gradual permanent loss of the peripheral vision.
Age-related macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of irreversible blindness in North America and one million Canadians will have some form of the disease.
Progressive damage to the blood vessels in the retina from diabetes leads to diabetic retinopathy and is the leading cause of blindness in the working-age population.
Retinal Vein Occlusion
Blockage of a vein in the retina can lead to sudden painless blurry vision in adults. Chronic damage to the retina can lead to macular edema, a condition that is managed with eye injections.
A misalignment of the eyes can be seen in childhood and requires a comprehensive eye exam. Strabismus is often managed with glasses, patching and sometimes surgery.